How to select a coolant?

Introduction

If you are in the metalworking world, you know that coolants are not sold based on performance to meet industry specifications. Every shop, every process, every machine is different. There is no “one-size fits all” coolant. We also know that with the number of coolant options on the market today, it can be very confusing to know exactly which one is the most ideal for your particular operation.

At JTM Products the coolant selection process begins by asking questions; gaining a better understanding of your basic needs.

  • What metals are machined in your shop?
  • What coolants are you currently using?
    • Soluble oil?
    • Semi-synthetic?
    • Synthetic?
  • What is the most difficult machining operation present in your shop?
  • How many gallons of coolant do you use in a year?
  • Is your water...
    • Hard?
    • Medium?
    • Soft?
    • Artificially softened?
  • Do you measure and track coolant concentration?
  • What would you most like to improve with your current coolant?

Based on your answers to the above questions we can begin the process of selecting the perfect product to make you successful.

Below is a selection guide that can help you identify which products you want to learn more about. Keep in mind that minimizing your coolant usage by coordinating coolant-related variables will ultimately keep the total cost of your fluid from rising. This in no way should replace your contact at JTM Products Inc. Once you have thought about the above questions and reviewed the selection guide, please call us with additional questions. A call to JTM Products provides you with a coolant professional who can help you coordinate the multiple disciplines a proper coolant program requires.

Selection Guide

Product Multi-Metal Machining Product In-Use Stability Comments
Aluminum Machining (and Other Soft Metals) Steel Machining (and Other Hard Metals) Targeted Machining Severity Meets Boeing BAC-5008 Non-Staining on Non-Ferrous Metals Extended Sump-Life Hard Water Compatibility Acceptable Residues Tramp Oil Rejection
High Oil Semi-Synthetic Fluids (> 15% oil content)
KOOLRite™ 2270 ** ** Moderate - Light Y *** ***** ***** *** Extremely good general purpose machining fluid. Ideal for high coolant loss applications.
KOOLRite™ 2290 *** *** Heavy - Moderate Y Y *** ***** ***** *** Excellent multi-metal machining fluid. Ideal for the aerospace market.
KOOLRite™ 2295 MAX **** **** Heavy Y *** ***** ***** *** Excellent multi-metal machining fluid with additional lubrication built-in to give a boost to tool-life during more difficult operations and metals.
KOOLRite™ 2375 MAX ***** ***** Severe Y *** * ***** *** Top-tier product in machining performance. Used where maximizing productivity is the key objective.
Low Oil Semi-Synthetic Fluids (< 15% oil content)
Chip Rite 411 *** *** Moderate - Light Y *** **** ***** *** Robust general purpose machining fluid with a good balance of cooling and lubrication.
Full Synthetic Fluids (0% oil content)
SynMAX™ 2505 *** *** Moderate Y Y ***** ***** *** **** Best where coolant losses are high and machining operations are moderate.
SynMAX™ 2515 **** **** Heavy - Moderate Y Y ***** ***** *** **** Excellent multi-metal machining product that provides the same boost of performance on both aluminum and steel with zero oil content.
SynMAX™ 2525 ***** ***** Severe Y Y **** ***** *** **** Maximum in machining performance. Ideal where severe duty machining and high productivity is the key objective and zero oil content is desired.
Chip Rite 606 *** * Moderate - Light Y ** ***** * ***** General purpose machining fluid designed to offer robust performance on Aluminum.
Chip Rite 605 * *** Moderate - Light N ** ***** * ***** General purpose machining fluid designed to offer robust performance on Steel.
Emulsifiable Oil
Chip Rite 215 *** **** Heavy - Moderate Y * **** **** ** Great multipurpose emulsifiable oil providing lubrication and finishes on multi-metals and operations.

Selection Guide Definitions

Aluminum and Steel Machining
Relative performance as measured by MicroTap testing of the two most popular metals currently being machined in the industry.

Machining Severity
Level of lubrication each product is designed to provide per the below guideline.

Boeing BAC-5008
A Y means this product has been tested and meets the requirements as required by this specification.

Non-Staining on Non-Ferrous Metals
Some chemistries found in metalworking fluids can stain sensitive metals such as aluminum and copper; Y means that yes, the product is non-staining.

Acceptable Residues
A higher star rating here indicates the ability to provide a light oily residue that will help lubricate and protect the machine from corrosion.

Extended Sump Life
A higher star rating here indicates the capacity of the product to remain in the sump; operating with minimal maintenance.

Hard Water Stability
A higher star rating here indicates that the product is stable diluted 5% in hard water and heated for 24 hours.

Tramp Oil Rejection
A higher star rating here indicates ability to separate out oils that contaminate the sump.

 
 

31025 Carter Street, Solon, Ohio 44139
Phone: 800-229-6744 / 440-287-2302       Fax: 440-287-3095

Copyright ©2018 JTM Products, Inc. KOOLRite and SynMAX are trademarks of JTM Products, Inc.    
It's time to re-think synthetics: Introducing SynMAX™ Coolants
It's time to re-think synthetics: Introducing SynMAX™ Coolants

31025 Carter Street, Solon, Ohio 44139
Phone: 800-229-6744 / 440-287-2302
Fax: 440-287-3095

Copyright ©2018 JTM Products, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
KOOLRite and SynMAX are trademarks of JTM Products, Inc.